Hyde County was formed December 3, 1705, as Wickham Precinct, one of three precincts within Bath County. In 1712 it was renamed Hyde Precinct, for Edward Hyde, Governor of North Carolina from 1711 to 1712. In 1739 Bath County was abolished, and Hyde Precinct became Hyde County. Various boundary adjustments followed. In 1745 Lake Mattamuskeet and its adjoining territory were transferred from Currituck County to Hyde County.
In 1819 the part of Hyde County west of the Pungo River was annexed to Beaufort County. In 1823 the part of Currituck County south of New Inlet was annexed to Hyde County. This area included the present day Hatteras Island. In 1845 Ocracoke Island was transferred from Carteret County to Hyde County. In 1870 Hyde County was reduced to its present dimensions, when its northeastern part was combined with parts of Currituck County and Tyrrell County to form Dare County. Since its creation, the boundaries of Hyde County have changed more than those of any other county in North Carolina.
She sits on the banks of Mattamuskeet Lake with a mystic alore. The giant windows of the back side of the lodge are like eyes of wonder looking out onto the largest national lake in North Carolina.
If you listen hard you can hear the music of past high school proms and laughter of afternoon conversations about hunting trips. You can hear the honks of Canadian geese as the v-shaped flocks set their wings to land in the lake.
She has weathered hurricanes since 1915 and has been an oddity her entire life. In 1915 the building was completed as the largest pumping station in the world to drain the fertile Mattamuskeet Lake for farming. With the war looming in Europe the availability of parts became scarcer and scarcer, so in 1937 the pumping station was shut down. The building was renovated into a hunting lodge. Parts of the pumps can still be seen in the lower floor of the lodge.
For over 100 years the grand ol' lady, Mattamuskeet Lodge, has stood watch over Mattamuskeet Lake and the wildlife refuge where it sits. Under renovation now, hopes are that it will be back in operation within two years.
Come visit Mattamuskeet Lodge and the Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge for grandeur and nature at its best!